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Vojvodina
 

 

Vojvodina is an autonomous province of the citizens who live in it, established on the basis of specific national, historic, cultural and other characteristics of the area, as multinational, multicultural and multiconfessional European region. Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous territorial community within the Republic of Serbia.

Geography
Vojvodina is situated in the northern part of Serbia and covers the area of 21,506 square kilometers, which makes approximately one quarter of the territory of the Republic of Serbia. It borders Hungary in the North, Romania in the East, Croatia in the West and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the South West.  

Three navigable rivers run through Vojvodina: Danube, Sava and Tisza, which share the territory into three geographical-historical regions: Bačka, Banat and Syrmia.

Capital
The capital of the Province is Novi Sad. It was founded more than three centuries ago on the left bank of the Danube, by the old road that ran along the Danube. There are 300 000 inhabitants in Novi Sad and its suburban settlements, whereas Novi Sad represents the second largest city in Serbia.

The national composition of Vojvodina's population is very heterogeneous. More than half of the inhabitants are Serbs - 65.05%, then come Hungarians - 14.28%, Slovaks - 2.79%, Croats - 2.78%, Yugoslavs - 2.45%, Montenegrins - 1.75%, Romanians - 1.5%, and Ruthenians - 0.77%. In Vojvodina live Roma people, Ukrainians, Bunjevacs, Sokacs, Germans, Macedonians, Albanians, Slovenes, Muslims and others. Religious structure follows the ethnic structure.   54 percent.  

Agro complex
Vojvodina has favourable natural conditions for agricultural production, such as soil, climate, and water resources. Arable areas cover 1.78 million hectares (which makes 84% of the total land). Out of it 52 percent is humus. These potentials are not enough exploited.
The food industry is well developed, and here the process of privatisation has been mainly completed.

Culture
Vojvodina has a long cultural tradition and developed cultural life. The oldest culture institution is the Matica Srpska, founded in 1826. The Serbian National Theatre in Novi Sad is the first professional theatre in the country, founded in 1861. Apart form it there are about ten other professional theatres, out of which the National Theatre in Subotica and the Novi Sad Theatre perform their repertoire in Hungarian language, whereas semi-professional, but highly successful over the boarder, too, are Slovakian, Romanian and Ruthenian.
Several hundreds of painting exhibitions take place in art galleries and art halls on annual basis. Vojvodina is also known for its colonies of naive painters from Kovačica, Uzdin and Šid.

The richness of Vojvodina music events is significantly contributed by music manifestations of traditional and contemporary music: the Novi Sad Musical Festivities - NOMUS, EXIT, the International Jazz Festival, the festivals of the "Vojvodina Golden Strings" and the "Golden Tamburitza", the "Isidor Bajić" Memorial in Novi Sad, Novi Sad OLD GOLD JAZZ festival, the International Festival of New Music - INTERZONE as well as the Days of Josif Marinković the "Horizons over the Tisza".

Tourism
In addition to religious buildings, with most renowned ones being the Fruška Gora monasteries, and traditional tourist destinations, development of tourism in Vojvodina is based on the development of specific and more modern forms of tourism.
Besides the classic spa services, it has been invested in the construction of sports and wellness centres, so as to use the thermal waters not just for healing and rehabilitation, but for recreation and fun as well.
Project for development of nautical tourism is in the process of realisation. Fifty-six micro locations in sixteen Danube municipalities have been determined as locations for construction of marines.
There is a great potential for tourism in Vojvodina, however it is not competitive enough due to underdeveloped tourist offer, lack of finances and poor marketing.

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