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Born 10 July 1856
Smiljan, Austrian Empire (Croatian Military Frontier)
Died 7 January 1943 (aged 86)
Manhattan, New York, USA
Residence Manhattan, New York, USA, Karlovac, Croatia
Budapest, Hungary
Citizenship Austria-Hungary (10 July 1856 – 29 October 1918)
United States (30 July 1881 – 7 January 1943)
Fields Mechanical engineering
Electrical engineering
Institutions Edison Machine Works
Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing
Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Co.
Alma mater
Graz University of Technology
Charles University in Prague

 
Notable awards Order of St. Sava (1892)
Elliott Cresson Medal (1894)
Edison Medal (1916)
John Scott Medal (1934)Signature



 
 
NIKOLA TESLA
THE GENIUS WHO LIT THE WORLD
Tesla, aged 37, 1893, photo by Sarony of New York
 
 
Nikola Tesla
 

 

(Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer. He was the son of a Serbian Orthodox clergyman, born 1856. an ethnic Serb in the village of Smiljan (now part of Gospić), in the Croatian Military Frontier of the Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia), Tesla was a subject of the Austrian Empire by birth and later became an American citizen.
He was an important contributor to the birth of commercial electricity, and is best known for developing the modern alternating current (AC) electrical supply system. His many revolutionary developments in the field of electromagnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were based on the theories of electromagnetic technology discovered by Michael Faraday. Tesla's patents and theoretical work also formed the basis of wireless communication and the radio.

Because of his 1894 demonstration of short range wireless communication through radio and as the eventual victor in the "War of Currents", he was widely respected as one of the greatest electrical engineers who worked in America. He pioneered modern electrical engineering and many of his discoveries were of groundbreaking importance. In the United States during this time, Tesla's fame rivaled that of any other inventor or scientist in history or popular culture. Tesla demonstrated wireless energy transfer to power electronic devices in 1891, and aspired to intercontinental wireless transmission of industrial power in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project.

During his lifetime, Tesla invented fluorescent lighting, the Tesla induction motor, the Tesla coil (invented in 1891, is still used in radio and television sets and other electronic equipment), and developed the alternating current (AC) electrical supply system that included a motor and transformer, and 3-phase electricity.
Tesla is now credited with inventing modern radio as well; since the Supreme Court overturned Gugliermo Marconi's patent in 1943 in favor of Nikola Tesla's earlier patents. When an engineer (Otis Pond) once said to Tesla, "Looks as if Marconi got the jump on you" regarding Marconi's radio system, Tesla replied, "Marconi is a good fellow. Let him continue. He is using seventeen of my patents."

Nikola Tesla - Mystery Invention
Ten years after patenting a successful method for producing alternating current, Nikola Tesla claimed the invention of an electrical generator that would not consume any fuel. This invention has been lost to the public. Tesla stated about his invention that he had harnessed the cosmic rays and caused them to operate a motive device. In total, Nikola Tesla was granted more than one hundred patents and invented countless unpatented inventions.

In 1885, George Westinhouse, head of the Westinghouse Electric Company, bought the patent rights to Tesla's system of dynamos, transformers and motors. Westinghouse used Tesla's alternating current system to light the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago.

Nikola Tesla was Thomas Edison's rival at the end of the 19th century. In fact, he was more famous than Edison throughout the 1890's. His invention of polyphase electric power earned him worldwide fame and fortune. At his zenith he was an intimate of poets and scientists, industrialists and financiers.

 
 
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